The pug – a small dog with great character

The pug is one of the smallest dog breeds that are wonderful as lap and companion dogs . The animals are loyal and affectionate and idolatly love their owner or owner. Their nature is playful and they can be excellent entertainers with their funny behavior.

The pug has almost human-like character traits and quickly wins over the heart of its owner with its funny facial expressions and gestures. That is why they are often preferred by single people who can enrich their lives with such a dog. The dog needs exercise , but his urge to move is moderate. He is quite happy when he can sit with his owner or mistress and does not need to be kept busy like many more active dog types.

Therefore, it is also an excellent companion for older people and also feels comfortable in a small city apartment. Its friendly nature also makes the pug a good dog for the family with children.

Appearance of the pug


The pug is characterized by a compact body and a round head with a short, almost flat snout. Some breeders have produced a retro breed today, the muzzle of which is a little longer. The large brown eyes and small ears contribute to a cute look.

The pug usually reaches a height of about 30 centimeters and the weight should not exceed 6 to 7 kilograms. The almost square body in combination with the characteristic snout make the pug one of the dog breeds that can also be recognized by non-connoisseurs. The coat color of the breed can be quite different.

Many animals are silver gray with a black mask and you can find a number of different shades of beige. A characteristic feature of the drawing is a dark streak of eel that runs across the back. The deep forehead wrinkles in a dark pattern are also characteristic.

This is how the breed came about

The pug is one of the oldest dog turfs . It is believed that the breed originated in China about 2000 years ago, where it was bred from a mastiff-like dog. The ancestor of our pug today is considered the “Lo Sze”, which is described in around 950 BC in records from the Tang Dynasty. It is also believed that the pug came to Holland through the East India Company in the 16th century.

The name of the breed also comes from Holland. The word “mop” in Dutch means “look grumpy” and indicates the typical facial expression that the dog gets from its flattened snout. In the Netherlands, the pug quickly became the official dog of the House of Orange-Nassau. Finally, the pug also came to England, where it was also very popular. In the 19th century, two pug lines developed: the Willoughby and Morrisons.

The Willoughby were stone-gray in color with white markings and had a larger physique. The Morrisons, on the other hand, were apricot-colored with a compact body and a pretty head shape. In the following decades, these two lines were frequently crossed and back-crossed, so that the two characteristics were mixed. In Biedermeier the pug was often found as a partner of single women, where he lived a life as a lap dog.

The dogs were spoiled with delicacies of all kinds, which led to obesity, which almost meant the decline of the breed. The pug became a caricature of itself and completely lost its former popularity. Only a few breeders stuck to the value of the breed, almost leading to the English Kennel Club first establishing a breed standard for the pug in 1881. Over the years, however, the pug’s popularity could not be revived in the long term. It was not until 2000 that some breeders started to revive the standard and turn the pug into a dog that is valued for its gracious nature.

Gentle upbringing for a sensitive dog

His intelligence and ability to play the clown often make the pug’s education challenging. It is particularly important for the dog owner to always be consistent. The pug has a very good sense for its owner and knows exactly when a command is given half-heartedly. Then we try to distract him from his upbringing and required obedience with his little jokes, which he understands so masterly, and to get his head through.

If he succeeds more often, the following attempts to bring up children are almost unsuccessful. So you should decide from the beginning to adopt a consistent stance and set the pug firm limits that he can accept. This makes the dog an excellent partner who is a lot of fun.

The right care for the pug

Basically, the pug is an easy-care dog. However, you should always pay attention to some details to keep the dog healthy and satisfied. The short, shiny fur of the animals does not require any special care. However, it should be noted that the pug has a lot of hair. With daily brushing you can avoid that the hair in the apartment gets stuck in the upholstered furniture and carpets.

The pug hardly needs to be bathed, since it tends to get very dirty during the walk. Pug health, on the other hand, is threatened by being overweight. The pug likes to eat and prefers to be spoiled by special snacks outside of meals. When walking, the dog is often quickly exhausted and therefore only moves moderately. The short, stocky figure quickly gains weight, which can lead to a wide variety of health problems. In particular, one should avoid feeding the dog candy.

Another important element in the care of this dog breed is cleaning the skin folds. Dirt can accumulate in them, which is not captured by normal brushing. This can lead to skin irritation or even inflammation. That is why the skin folds should be cleaned regularly with a rag. One disease that the pug is particularly susceptible to is brachycephalic syndrome , which is a breathing disability. This vulnerability is due to the shape of the nose and is less notorious in dogs with a slightly longer snout. The large eyes tend to get corneal infections and should therefore always be kept clean.

The pug – a small dog with great character.

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